Jews, Christians, Muslims: 15 centuries of cohabitation in Europe (lecture by John Tolan)

John Tolan, co-director of the IPRA, took part in a lecture about religious cohabitation in Europe and the teaching of religious diversity in schools, on the Thursday 19th of March at the Maison des sciences de l’homme et de la société du Sud-Est (MSHS) in Nice (France).

The lecture, based on the findings of the RELMIN projet, points out that religious diversity in Europe is grounded in the practice of Christian and Muslim states of the European Middle Ages and underlines the fact that middle-age leaders, whether Christians or Muslims, have granted protected albeit subservient status to certain religious minorities. The study of legal sources shows that, in medieval societes as in ours, religious situations have changed a lot over the course of the years and that cohabitation, even if it was not always pacific, have been the rule more than the exception in the history of Europe. This lecture serves also as a bridge between the RELMIN project and the IPRA, which will carry on the study of religious cohabitation in Europe, but with a broader time-scope.

The lecture is also available on Canal-U at the following address :


This lecture was organised with the help of the Centre d’analyse des processus en éducation et formation, the federative research body of the Ecole supérieure de l’enseignement et du professorat de l’Académie de Nice, of the  search unit « Migrations et société » URMIS, which is part of the projet Inégalités, mobilités et discriminations dans le cadre scolaire (Axe interdisciplinaire de l’UNS Altérités et mondialisations) and of the third scientific axis of the MSHS.


First part

Second part

Debate (first part)

Debate (second part)

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